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Kitzmiller v. Dover Timeline
Dover Area School District (DASD) begins the process of selecting biology textbook. The town of Dover (population 1800) is located near York, Pennsylvania in the south-central part of the state. The DASD serves about 40,000 residents. Dover Senior High School has about 1000 students.
August 2, 2004
After acrimonious debate, DASD school board votes 5-3 to select the widely used textbook Biology: The Living Science, by Kenneth Miller and Joseph Levine, as recommended by science teachers.
50-60 copies of the "intelligent design book" Of Pandas and People donated anonymously to DASD
October 18, 2004
By a 6-3 vote, DASD school board passes first segment of its “intelligent design” curriculum policy. Two school board members resign in protest.
- November 19, 2004
DASD issues press release explaining how policy is to be implemented.
December 14, 2004
11 Dover parents filed suit in Federal District Court against the DASD on the grounds that these policies violate the First Amendment. They were represented by the Pennsylvania ACLU, Americans United, and Pepper Hamilton LLP. Initial Complaint (pdf)
January 2, 2005
Defense files answer to complaint
DASD Letter to Parents regarding the Biology curriculum
- February 2005
DASD Biology Update Newsletter
- Expert witnesses announced and statements filed
- May 23, 2005
Foundation for Thought and Ethics (FTE) files “application to intervene.”
- August 8, 2005
Plaintiffs file for summary judgment
- September, 13 2005
Judge denies plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, sending the suit to trial.
- September 26, 2005
Bench trial before Judge John E. Jones begins in United States Federal District Court in Harrisburg, PA.
- November 4, 2005
Closing arguments given and trial concludes
- December 20, 2005
Judge Jones issues 139 page opinion finding that the DASD "intelligent design" policy violates the United States Constitution because "intelligent design" fundamentally represents a religious belief.
- February 21, 2006
DASD votes to pay more than $1 million toward legal fees incurred in course of the trial.